How Many People Have Ccna

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Todd lammle ccna 8th edition save much time when sitting in the exam hall. With cisco certified network associate (ccna) therefore means you are at level two. If this more experienced rep cannot solve the problem, or if it takes him or her too long to do so, the ticket is assigned to the people in pat's group and shows up on pat's screen. People believe that somehow the efficiency of competition will shrink the. Many people, including nurses, have specific ideas about what health care they want, or do not want, at the end of life. There were people there doing ccna and other networking qualifications, and they seemed to think that the training was up to scratch. Download free ccna security quick reference pdf. You will get a surprising result by our up to date ccna cisco certified network associate ccna (v3. Also the ou is doing a ccna course, you get a 60 point level 2 qual out of it, then you do the exam else where. The ccna tracks are very demanding and practical oriented. If you could manage to make use of ccna prep centre along with this study guide for sure no body can. The or ccna cheat sheet 2012 case is increasing preventing by no animations fully fully. I am currently in a ccna class with a school named techskills. Pay starts at $12 an hour and people can work from home. Ccna security lab manual 2010 cisco press pdf ipt rar shared files. The salary rate for a ccna holder differs from 40k to 50k a year, but it is expected that you go further to earn other degrees such as your ccnp or a+ hardware and/or a+ software. I thought having a ccna cert will get me into a kickass job, it didn't. Not simply that, ccna 2 labs manual answers gets packed inside the box it can be found in and obtains chucked right into the deep cob-webbed edges never to be viewed again. Ccna training philippines is here to help you fulfill your dreams of having a better future. These people also needed webmasters, systems admins, telecom people, lan engineers etc. The people who came up with the idea were geniuses. Have some respect, even people who study for months to take their certification exams, cisco gives them multiple choice exams - and majority fails :). Get employed in america, and then come here - most people i know have a really nice package/allowance. I'm sure you'll get some replies later from people in your line of work. Ccna provided me the opportunity to at least get people looking at my resume.  over 90% of people who embark towards the cisco ccna.   there were a ton of people in my class with no actual job skills in it beyond the fact they were taking the ccna. Anyway goodbye, i'm not bothered to help anyone else out in ccna forum as some people are too stupid to. Having a personality and knowing people in it make all the difference. Take assessment – erouting chapter 1 – ccna exploration: routing protocols and concepts (version 4. In cisco ccna lab equipment there are fewer interfaces and the combination of two serial. It just blows my mind if all that buzz and ridicules rules by cfa institute was created to give people false sense of importance to become cfa member. Yes, i wondered about what you meant about ccna r&s covering this, as i hadn't come across it in any of the cbtnuggets videos i was watching. If you want to succeed in the ccna exam, you must have sound knowledge of all wireless networking equipments as well as ways to operate them. I'm working for more than 12 years in network engineering and i'm not a ccna or any other certification. The most popular, or most common, certification track in networking is cisco's routing and switching series, which comprises the ccent, ccna, ccnp, ccie. I have planned to write cisco labs which will help those preparing for ccna exam and will be a quick guide for cisco users. Getting some standard it certification (ccna or mcitp, for example) costs both time and money. Just in time for its first graduates, the university of the people, a tuition-free four-year-old online institution built to reach underserved students around the world, announced thursday that it had received accreditation. Really experienced engineers can make that too with a ccna. In ccna exploration 4 there is mainly discussed accessing the wan.   there are many types of ccna like security, cloud, collaboration, design, industrial plants and wireless. And passed his ccna using this site. Try not to listen to the people with all the negative connotations about the exam because is very likely that they didn’t study or attempted the ccie lab. All files listed for ccna todd lammle pdf are only from free shared file hosts like 4shared. Ccna and all the ccxp certs are very accessible to average people with a decent study ethic. I've met a couple of ccna's that could run circles around me as far as the time it took to make changes to or set up a cisco product, but couldn't find their way out of a paper bag (i. The following is a guest post from ryan robinson, an entrepreneur and marketer who teaches people how to create meaningful self-employed careers. Ccna explorations 1 and 2 but they were well worth it. Are you smart enough to know fake ccna training programs. 4 - configuring ipv4 static and default routes - ccna 2 - chapter 6. Subject of ccna certification advises not to spend money on. The schooling of ccna consists of: eigrp or improved interior gateway routing protocol, ethernet, ripv2 or routing information and facts protocol version2, ip and lots of this sort of vital protocols. The problem is however, that many people got the same news at the same time and so there's a lot of people with entry level cisco certifications including the cisco certified entry networking technician (ccent) and cisco certified network associate (ccna) competing for the same positions. Some people are philosophers or scientists capable of high abstract or technical thought. I have sec+ and ccent, working on ccna. Each one is looking after people with the persistence to take part in recurring tasks each and every day. In a bid to more accurately assess the practical skills of candidates for its it certifications, cisco said it will augment the tests required for its popular ccna certification to include questions based on simulations of real-world networking scenarios. Welcome to the "do i know this already" web assessment quiz for the cisco ccna certification. Before even scheduling your ccna test, you should know this chapter. Attitude is important because lots of people want a break right now as the economy continues to tank. Hello guys, am getting ready to take my ccna exam from cisco. Besides, people have an innate distrust of businesses with websites that look shoddy or cheap. Here are some advantages as to why you should start your ccna course in london today:. Ccna is on a completely different level than network+. The position paper recommends against placing implants in people who are taking high dose or high frequency intravenous therapy for cancer care.   there are blogs and forums all over that consist of people just like you, either studying for the exam or recently just passed. I said that i would do ccna security however i know longer term, probably 12-24 months i will probaby do the ccna voice to be a better engineer, then i will know what sip is and the reasons for different codec, i understand the basics but thats it. Some people will say don't look at the salary, but i will strongly reccomend you to look at the salary first i know that sounds strange, but if i were you i will not look for jobs that have the lower salary then you have for now. An article in todays sht describes commissioner reaction to this concept when ccna inanimously voted to ask the commissioners to enact this requirement. Rene molenaar has good labs here all labs - gns3vault -- you may need to modify them slightly as he uses real ios, but most should work in packet tracer (as long as you do the labs for ccent or ccna). We know how busy your people are and how difficult it is to cope with the avalanche of information overload. Acts permits people to legally access data collected about them by government agencies. These ccna voice training preparations are essential to the modern business person and will be the one thing that will time and time again be sure to profit them in the best ways imaginable. The healthcare workers are working hard to treat people of the community with chronic lung problems (pearson health science, 2009). Below, you’ll find a list of various tricks and tips that will help you with your ccna exam preparation, as well as study notes for each of the exam topics that you should definitely understand.  whether it's nat, acls, frame relay, dhcp, vtp, vlans, or eigrp/ospf, having done these configurations over and over is what will get you a passing score on ccna. If interested in pursuing cisco certified network associate (ccna) routing and switching, you could try the combined ccna exam and this book: “. I love to tap people more skilled than myself for help. Waitresses work closely with people, so if you've never worked as a waitress before, make sure you've had work experience working with customers to increase your chances of winning the interview. Absolutely -- which is a natural progression for people within the var/partner/oem world. My such networks had in download cisco networking academy program ccna 1 and 2 companion and support. Everyone knew people wanted to try on shoes before buying them, but with amazing customer service by happy employees, they achieved the trust they needed so that people would buy first and try second. Open doors that have always been closed by getting the ccna cyber ops certifications necessary to evolve in ways never before imagined. As it happens, people like to talk, discuss, analyze. And so, i think we should all focus not on why the good people are "not" getting the jobs, but why the bad guys are getting the good guys' jobs. Ccna study guide 6e by tod lemmle and have a s. Some people's books had become paperweights, so they were happy to loan or even give me their ccna books. The #ccna exam, especially the #icnd2 half of the content, focuses on troubleshooting. While some people might be put-off by reed’s blunt and opinionated way of writing (i think the word “idiot” is used more than any other word in this book. Endless ccna cyber ops source material is the best way to make sure one stays ahead of competitors. Rama krishna as iam doing ccna in our home town what is the material provided by our institute it is to difficult to learn my self has see the zoom technologies material it very much understanding and easy to learn hence can you please provide book for me sir. People learn the meaning of what they chant in pali and later. I don’t remember meeting 90% of these people. In this post i will share the answer for ccna security chapter 6 test v20 this version 20 is the latest ccnas version as of today hopefully it will help you guys to review and get ready for your chapter test. I have no idea what mcse and ccna are, all i had before coming out here was an it degree but i'm not sure if having a degree is all that important. How to master ccna mediafire. How much an cisco ccna class will cost depends on how many people you have needing the training. Classes will be allotted with people who have the same goal as you. Help desk is more about good people skills than it is technical knowledge anyway. But i was new to the west, and simply wanted to preach the gospel to all the people i could reach. Esteem from working with other talented people is an extrinsic reward. Cisco ccna/p/ie security– with this certification, you’ll demonstrate the ability to develop a security infrastructure, recognize threats and vulnerabilities, and mitigate security threats. Normal of the starts you 've will prove be typically after your ccna is the user and the system can show. This website serves as an information resource for people who want to become licensed practical nurses, or lpns.

how many people have ccna

How Many People Have Ccna

The rains have started again this weekend and they are starting to worry not just about the rain but also disease.  earlier this month, the folks over at payscale. The reason for such confident claim is the success rate (99. In fact, google’s own senior vice president of people operations called them a “complete waste of time. Learn each topic individually: studying for the ccna without having any type of networking experience seems like facing a pyramid and trying to climb it. Most people learn on other people’s networks (if you know what i mean). You design and create spaces people can work or live in, using wood, stone, plants, and other natural materials, and ensure that all projects comply with regulations. Following the transaction a total of 33,533 shares owned by president-product development, kurian thomas. How can i grow to be ccent or ccna certified. "i've heard people say they were still affected by it long after we were done," alvarez. This appropriate for retirement speeches i am not receiving compensation for it then investing has proven it to appreciated 24% in my taxable account. It’s tempting for bootcamp operators to pack in as many students as possible during a given session, increasing the size of the cohort to increase revenues while maintaining fixed costs for instructors and materials. Ccna but i'm confused about the. Csma-ca (carrier sense multi-access with collision avoidance) stands for collision sense multiple access with collision avoidance. A network administrator notices that some. English is spoken as the first language in many countries. Afterwards i intend to get ccna security, and i'l probably sit the comptia a+ since i know the vast majority of it already. Thank you for writing, todd lammle. Drawback questions and actions—try and ace harder analysis questions and actions designed to arrange you for the difficult forms of questions you may even see on the ccna examination. 5 mg of oral hydromorphone is equal to 30 mg of oral morphine. Some companies like to throw you a curve ball to see how flexible and adaptable you are. It is possible to view topographical features as well as normal street perspectives. There is no end to the study opportunities, as sydney is jam-packed with universities and tafe institutes, including the university of sydney (australia’s oldest university) and sydney institute of technology. The ccdp is often looked over for requirements, so is often overlooked by people that hunt down certs. 2- speak in plain terms. Social networks are  collections of people tied together by a specific configuration of connections. Too many stories i've heard from people that they regret wasting their money on one of those bootcamps. 30 of 35 people found the following review helpful. A span source port can be part of an etherchannel, but not a span destination  port. Ccna cisco exam certification guide intro and incd books. Apparently, from the feedback i have been getting most people just can’t stop. Here you can download ccna todd lamle 8th edition shared files that we have found in our database:. So important is the technology that is study is compulsory for the ccna security exam. In order to get the best ccna certification training, you need to choose an excellent online training institute that can provide you with a solid foundation useful for both your exams and your profession.   if you've got passion for it let people know about it and good things will happen to you. At the receiving end the presentation layer takes in generically formatted data and translates into the format recognized by the application layer. Also, remember that exam reservations are subject to availability and it’s recommended that you complete the scheduling process up to 3 weeks before a desired exam date. This was originally designed to provide fast access to the penthouse, but the wind makes it a dangerous place to land, so instead it has become an observation deck – the world’s highest at 630m. I don’t care what internet forum you go to, or what certification you’re after; when you declare you intentions, there will be people lining up to tell you that it won’t work and you’re wasting your time. Why should you take ccna training in chennai. There are three types of fiber optic cable commonly used: single mode, multimode and plastic optical fiber (pof). Anyone who wants to feel how the configuration section in the ccie lab looks like , with many required tasks, and where multiple technologies interact , but at the ccna level. This is the prime reason that organizations are ready to bear the cost of ccna certification. Summer is a time when a lot of people love to get outside and gather a group of friends to have a little fun in the sun. I recently graduated from this school and was requesting for professional references. In ccna, we are supposed to familiarize ourselves with basic network security. Study the exam requirements at cisco's website under "training and events" to verify a good fit with experience and knowledge. So, your strategy should be to not get hung up at the beginning. I are a download ccna with 4 results, i needed my loan a loan of authors right and people where not as they became to come. Items like lists of ccna-level features, ios versions and feature sets that support those features, ebay pricing histories, and the like. When port security is enabled, a switch port uses the default violation mode of _______ until specifically configured to use a different violation mode. Still life: i always think of still life as being that you want to create or capture the detail of something so superbly it is easily identifiable or so abstractly, it is hard to identify. Ccna routing and switching portable command guide (3rd edition) doc free download.  they are either not complex enough, do not cover multiple concepts or do not have enough commentary explaining what we want to accomplish in each lab and why you are doing each step. The new ccna industrial track is all about industrial networking, which is a little different from the traditional network environment. Courses offered in vadapalani campus, chennai:. “our hope is that people will review the index, see what the real cost of living is where they live and understand that it leaves them exposed, and consult with a financial adviser to plan for the future. By default, traffic manager sends all traffic to the primary (highest-priority) endpoint. Brain dump web sites for exam preparation purposes are fairly common, especially for computer-related certification programs. People are asked to leave only due to individual performance problems, and at 2% it is the lowest in industry. Finances - i am a single mother and was just laid off from work. I often ask people in interviews what their home lab/network looks like. Ccna cisco certified network associate : lammle has authored over 75 books on cisco certification subjects. After all, schooling is the most crucial factor that affects one’s personality and future career. Ccna certified and also have 1year exp in isp,looking for a job. Registered users can also use our file leecher to download actual test ccna 640. Mgp wrote:i don't know about were he took his training, but when i went to ccna class we were warned of using such test preps as cisco does actively track scores for such cheating. Look for ccna exam formats online. “you need to have a clear strategy when searching, applying and interviewing for positions with remote work flexibility. From the very first chapter of todd's ccna book, i knew it was the perfect study guide. Finally after kapor added visi-corp, he and sachs added an italian performance and states pc. I've been asked by several people for some tips or suggestions on how to prepare for the mcat, so hopefully this will help you if that's something you need. In broadcast network, there is also a term called network id. > detailing the components that make up the physical link and how to access it. I dont have drive some where and deal with parking, traffic, and people that go to college to socialize and make fun of people. Its contribution to the western civilization as an infrastructure for development of science and medicine is enormous. Download ccna jumpstart, second edition epub. Can you think of an example where people have been excluded or tormented due to this kind of group dynamic. If there are two networks and they are both sending information in between each other, this would be impossible as they would have different ip address protocols. Ccna sec was canceled on me, then moved, then canceled on me again. You can get your money back if you failed the exam with ccna data center certification dumps. If these professionals decide to obtain a ccna certification, they already have a huge advantage for passing the exam. But that’s where the ccna virtual lab e-trainer comes in; it’s a software package that emulates a network that consists of three cisco routers, a catalyst 1900 switch, and a couple of wan links. Net/courses/ccna-security/ to direct it tothe backend server, any individual could do. It’s the secure way to examine the enormous streams of machine data produced by technology infrastructure and it systems —virtual, physical, and in the cloud. The last multiplication chart pictured will have. Professional resume format that will get the attention of hiring managers and land you interviews in your field:. It is important to remember that your ccna is an "entry level" certification. Talk about specific work related experience for the position you're interviewing for. I wanted to do something fun and take advantage of all the knowledge ccies gave me and pass this knowledge on to other people. As ever, when in doubt, your violin teacher will offer support and recommendations. Applicants who have disabilities that require accommodation are advised to contact a staff representative. Setting the description for an interface. Q2 has so little detail i can't even begin to guess what na concepts they hope. Regardless, your msp should be communicating with you as much as possible. Will the ccna certification get me a job. Data protection provisions about the application and use of google analytics (with anonymization function). Here is a list of study material that i used personally to obtain my ccna. But earning ccna certification is not easy as it needs lots of training and planning. Being a college student or graduate is almost mandatory for decent-paying jobs these days, but employers want more than employees who learned everything in a classroom. People formally training in cisco technologies have shown to improve their productivity with lesser errors. How to study for the ccent/ccna. Secret #1: assume the burden of other people’s discomfort. Bottom line, it boils down to what type of learner you are. Students should also consider any chance to volunteer. Questions and answers to ccna 1 discovery version 4 chapter 1 to 9. As the first-tier level of support, help desk techs answer telephone calls and electronic messages from people experiencing issues with the operation of one or more computers. Seeking employment - people of god pray with me to find employment. As to your 2nd question, yes, the frame-relay map command maps the next-hop address to the local router’s local dlci for the pvc connected to the next-hop router. I have spoke to 33 diff people at cc and have sent immense emails for which i never got a single call or reply and when i call thats the same reply " sir, we are upgrading our systems and it will be resolved soon" no sla or time frame specified. When you focus on your weak areas, you’re only studying what you. We repeatedly urged them to buy equipment but they would tell us that they do not have funds as the fee were not being paid but internal sources revealed that they were getting their revenue every month from teh students fees. Once, the cat is not any person s ccna cisco certified network associate ccna (v3. The skills needed to cope with issues as they arise - and that certified people made more. Ccna security: preventing layer 2 attacks. A router never sends information about a route back in same direction which is original information came, routers keep track of where the information about a route came from.  once again, you will need to enter your email address. For many people, this is the far section. Quick facts about canon central and north africa (ccna). Cisco certification, many people have received training in various fields of information technology. 89 mb, ccna 4- wan technologies v3. Ccna 1 pt practice skills exam answers, those useful soft protected sheaf is of paper with multi-lingual guidelines and also weird hieroglyphics that we don not bother to read. Apart from anything else, having a range of interests shows you’re a multidimensional person who is enthusiastic, motivated and likely to be an asset in the workplace. Cavi provides accredited cisco academy courses helping students to prepare for comp tia and ccna certifications. We aim to help you succeed on your certification exams at all times, by providing you with high quality exam preparation materials, specially tailored for exam candidates of different levels of expertise, interested in it, because:. For the civics test there are 100 questions. Rule #4 – place key elements of your composition at power points and simultaneously on dividing lines. The laughs appear needed for the ccna cheat sheet of the constitutional lyrics. I just finished taking a ccna course that lasted 3 weeks along with the whole mcitp program from microsoft. Chris bryant: i've wanted to be a technical instructor for years. But don't code-they get paid very little as free lance, and despite. The ccna cisco certified network associate ccna (v3. By creating a pointer to a pointer to an integer pointer. Grade 12 - 2nd line manager. Packets to and from a link until news of topology. He thought that he could shove us into a vehicle we weren’t too sure about he would make more money. The exam mode, on the other hand, is close to the actual environment of the real certification and you have to go through a variety of question types and simulations, called “simlets” and “testlets”, respectively. If you pass the ccna training, your average salary could level up to a maximum of $76,000 per month. Both types of cabling use eight wires that are placed inside a jacket to cover the wires, but stp has an extra layer of shielding in the jacket to help protect against interference. Exam chapter 11 questions and answers ccna 1 v6. The downside to all this is like 2lazy mentioned, you have alot of paper people now that can't do anything. Overall, while i might agree with your points, i find your expecting the wrong thing from ccna. For this connection you will need a regular pin-to-pin cable and not a cross-over one. Thus it’s a terrible place to be practicing problems (so far at least — i could see someone figuring out how to present it well for tablets, but no one has yet). The ccna course includes, but not limited to use the different networking protocols such as ethernet, access lists, serial, ip, igrp, frame relay, ip rip, and vlans. So, if there is a fast and effective way to help them on the way to get the ccna cisco certified network associate ccna (v3. Those who prefer classroom setup will need to register for classes and cannot rely on the other methods to be able to understand the content of the ccna r&s. In the cisco ccna, hexadecimal documentation is presented when finding out about layer 2 physical tending to, or mac addresses. Able commenters, including textron systems addressed no people developing download high voltage engineering fundamentals, 2nd edition 2000, taking that separately always as the operation can pose futuristic research of commenter and scope of the uas, there should complete no failure users. Most of the many people wish to stop by the london just to practical experience the especially famous erotic sensual therapeutic massage. Now, if we have multiple computers plugged to multiple switches in the network, would all switches have the mac addresses of all computers even of the computers that are not directly connected to their own ports. People, looking to make a successful career in this sector can choose from a variety of certifications to enhance their career even more. Companies need to have better interview processes, use the official certification trackers that companies like cisco offer, and do better background checks on people with degrees to weed out the imposters. Ccnp2015 blog is a website that provide accurate exam materials for people who want to participate in the it certification. Your coursework will likely include:. Edit: i see a lot of people here saying start with ccna because a+ and net+ are worthless, but you can close your eyes and walk in any direction and you'll run into five people who have ccna. The courses are challenging and you have to manage your time wisely in order to complete things in a timely manner. Once you have completed the basic certification training of ccna and got good mark in that, you can move to the advanced certification of ccnp, ccdp, ccsp, ccvp so that you can gain more skills about networking that will help you to get promotion in your working place. If you can't bother to figure out how to read the ccna website to figure out how to maintain your cert, why the hell are you here talking about the it industry like you know about it, and further, why are you in any position to handle hiring. Ccna, its challenging for me but rewarding when i figure something out. Brant, fisherman, and potomac are directly connected to montgomery. Hcc in the community centers of excellence.  i don't see it as a con or a way of making money, i think it makes sense to ensure the skillset of people using your equipment is maintained. More effective development of people, focussing learning on the areas that will bring most business benefit. Ideally i wanted this little lab to serve for my studies for ccna/ccsp (maybe ccnp) but besides studying this system will be used on a small project of mine and would need (or preffer).   the reason is because i have not reset the ospf process. Hey, i have not had too much success with the network setup wizard, after running it and restarting both computers (one by one) one of them, the desktop, started behaving and said that the network was connected, and had a normal network ip (192. We recommend going to a solid proven test provider like certlibrary that has a proven track record of helping hundreds of people who need some extra help with the certification process.  it allows suppliers and contractors to access confidential internal information using controlled external connections. This self signed certificate can be generated using the built in commands on your cisco router. Chris bryant covers this and all the other cisco routing and switching topics required for the ccna certification; all in 15+ hours of video training. Depends on your network design. Give it all away in conversation, on social media and when helping others, and let the world spread the message about what you can do. I’m going to assume you want to be a certified welder in westchester new york, but you don’t know how to begin. Pass4test can not only achieve your dreams, but also provide you one year of free updates and after-sales service. You must not frightened and thrash about to find out great results. Then the ip header is stripped and the tcp segment reaches layer 4 of the destination. These two types of ethernet cable are commonly used in most computer networking transmissions. I mean all section questions, icnd 1, 2, and some questions under the ccna that relate to icnd. Router5 immediately flushes the unreachable route from its routing table. We guarantee your success in the ccna cloud exam, otherwise, our full refund policy will enable you to get your money back.   to really prepare yourself for the test (ccent or ccna) use the ipv4 subnetting – random question generator v1. Future trends: this career option is expected to rise 28% faster than average. Whenever people have varied backgrounds, i recommend focusing the career profile and career highlights in a manner that’s slanted toward the direction they want to go (not necessary have been). When people talk about fog computing, they are referring to this idea that there will be lots of sensors or computing devices spread about a factory, a home or wherever sending data to a gateway device for preliminary data processing of some sort before sending it to the cloud. I think it would be more beneficial to take it one exam at a time and find yourself a reputable cbt provider. • permit icmp traffic from only known external sources. It's not going to be a first certification for very many people at this stage, since it doesn't have the sheer employability power of the ccna. Com/+%22icon+lasik%22&hl=en&gl=in&ct=clnk&cd=1. People know, but there's no universal answer. But i dunno, the pressure of practising against the clock. This is to held such ccna, and n't is spatial picture. Ccna training is one of the most known training that cisco is offering to the people. My favourite reading material though would have to be old recipe books and fundraiser (church) cook books, the kind with the tried and true recipes. Best ways to study for ccna in two months. The giac certification program battles cheaters by using a proprietary system to manage its exams, which have randomized questions and answers. In this course you will learn the language and underlying theory of computer security. People searching a jobs in dubai. Next, compare the pcpt scoring details with the real cisco icnd1, icnd2, and ccna exams. That’s what drives us: the knowledge that our products are the foundational materials upon which people and societies across the globe depend for economic growth and prosperity. It takes 9 gallons to fill up the tank. You can’t assume because a font is available on your computer that other people have the same font. Ccna and some other people say hands on with real equipment is the best way. As you progress through the cisco certification ranks, you'll be glad you started using these at the ccna level. The content of the compressed file is identical to the contents of the cd/dvd media.